Reflora

REFLORA Programme
<p>The study of the Brazilian Flora, recognized as the richest in the world (Forzza et al. 2012), has a long history. During the XVIII and XIX centuries, European naturalists, visiting or residing in Brazil, and also a few Brazilian botanists, collected plant specimens and sent them to herbaria in Europe. The main objective during that period was to study the plants and their potential uses. Many of these collections provided the basis for the description of species or genera new to science (and so became nomenclatural types), or formed part of the large set of samples that were used to describe over 22 thousand species of the Flora brasiliensis (Martius, Eichler & Urban 1840 –1906).</p> <p>The Brazilian Government established the <a href="http://www.cnpq.br/web/guest/programas">REFLORA/CNPq Programme</a> in 2010/2011 with the objective to rescue and make available images and information concerning Brazilian plants deposited chiefly in overseas herbaria through an on-line facility, the <strong>Reflora Virtual Herbarium</strong>. Initial partnerships were established with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (<strong>K</strong>) and the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris (<strong>P/PC</strong>). Other European and American herbaria were included in this initiative from 2014 onwards, with the support of <a href="http://www.sibbr.gov.br/">SiBBr</a> (Sistema de Informação sobre a Biodiversidade Brasileira), namely Missouri Botanical Garden (<strong>MO</strong>), The New York Botanical Garden (<strong>NY</strong>), Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (<strong>W</strong>), Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet (<strong>S</strong>), and Smithsonian Institute (<strong>US</strong>). The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden (JBRJ) hosts the physical structure of the Reflora Virtual Herbarium, and is responsible for receiving the repatriated images and transcribing the data associated with the samples. Thus, images and data derived from the repatriation process, together with images and data from the herbarium of the Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro (<strong>RB</strong>) are made available to the scientific community and the general public.</p> <p>In addition to European and American herbaria, Brazilian herbaria have also begun the publication of their images and data in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium in 2014. With the support of <a href="http://ifn.florestal.gov.br/">IFN </a>(National Forest Inventory), SiBBr and the Reflora Programme, numerous herbaria are receiving equipment and training to digitize their plant specimens. The Brazilian herbaria included to date are: Herbário Manuel de Arruda Câmara (<strong>ACAM</strong>), Herbário Alexandre Leal Costa (<strong>ALCB</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal de Sergipe (<strong>ASE</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia (<strong>BRBA</strong>), Herbário da Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia (<strong>CEN</strong>), Herbário do Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau (<strong>CEPEC</strong>), Herbário da Fundação Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (<strong>CGMS</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (<strong>COR</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná - Dois Vizinhos (<strong>DVPR</strong>), Herbário Prisco Bezerra (<strong>EAC</strong>), Herbário da Embrapa Clima Temperado (<strong>ECT</strong>), Herbário da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (<strong>ESA</strong>), Herbario da Figueira (<strong>FIG</strong>), Herbário do Departamento de Botânica da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (<strong>FLOR</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual de Londrina (<strong>FUEL</strong>), Herbário Dr. Roberto Miguel Klein (<strong>FURB</strong>), Herbário Barbosa Rodrigues (<strong>HBR</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná (<strong>HCF</strong>), Herbário do Departamento de Ciências Florestais da Universidade de Santa Maria (<strong>HDCF</strong>), Herbário Ezechias Paulo Heringer (<strong>HEPH</strong>), Herbário Engenheira Agronoma Fátima Meckedece (<strong>HSTM</strong>), Fundacao Universidade Federal do Tocantins (<strong>HTO</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste - Irati (<strong>HUCO</strong>), Herbário da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (<strong>HUCP</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (<strong>HUEFS</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual de Maringá (<strong>HUEM</strong>), Herbário da Universidade do Estado de Minas Gerais - Carangola (<strong>HUEMG</strong>), Herbário do Centro de Biociências & Biotecnologia da UENF (<strong>HUENF</strong>), Herbarium Uberlandense (<strong>HUFU</strong>), Herbário da Universidade do Estado da Bahia (<strong>HUNEB</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (<strong>HUPG</strong>), Herbário da Embrapa Amazônia Oriental (<strong>IAN</strong>), Herbário da Reserva Ecológica do IBGE (<strong>IBGE</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande Do Sul (<strong>ICN</strong>), Herbário do Museu Botânico Municipal (<strong>MBM</strong>), Herbário do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão (<strong>MBML</strong>), Herbário do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (<strong>MG</strong>), Herbário Honório Monteiro (<strong>MUFAL</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (<strong>PEL</strong>), Herbário Municipal de São Paulo (<strong>PMSP</strong>), Herbário do Departamento de Botânica da Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro (<strong>RBR</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul (<strong>REAL</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (<strong>RFA</strong>), Herbário da Faculdade de Formação de Professores da UERJ (<strong>RFFP</strong>), Herbário Rondoniense (<strong>RON</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (<strong>SJRP</strong>), Herbário da Universidade de São Paulo (<strong>SPF</strong>), Herbário da Universidade de Brasília (<strong>UB</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (<strong>UFRN</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Paulista (<strong>UNIP</strong>), Herbário da Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (<strong>UNOP</strong>), Herbário do Departamento de Botânica da Universidade Federal do Paraná (<strong>UPCB</strong>), Herbário Central da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (<strong>VIES</strong>).</p> <p>Both the system for the <strong>Brazilian Flora 2020</strong> and the <strong>Reflora Virtual Herbarium</strong> form part of the Reflora Programme. The Brazilian List is used as a baseline dictionary of names for the specimen images included in the Reflora Virtual Herbarium. The information regarding these specimens will continue to be improved and updated by a network of taxonomists working online.</p> <p>We believe that the work platforms provided by the Reflora Virtual Herbarium and the Brazilian Flora 2020 are fundamental tools enabling Brazil to meet the first target of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation for 2020, the preparation of the Flora of Brazil online.</p>
Contact reflora@jbrj.gov.br

Administered by the Institute of Research Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden
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